Cataract

Dr. Marco Lombardo and his staff provides the most effective eye examination to evaluate, monitor and treat cataract.

Catarat

A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens of your eye. Looking through a cloudy lens is like trying to see through a frosty or fogged-up window. Clouded vision can make it more difficult to read, drive a car, especially at night, or see the expression on a friend’s face. Cataract commonly affects distance vision and cause problems with glare. About half of people older than 65 have some degree of cataract. After age 75, more than 50% of people suffer from cataracts that are significant enough to impair their vision. Most cataracts develop slowly and do not impair vision. On the other hand, as the cataract progresses, it will decrease visual acuity.

Cataract surgery is the only and most effective surgical procedure to remove cataract and restore normal vision.

Paesaggio normale
Paesaggio cataratta
Left, simulated vision in normal eye. Right, simulated vision in eye with cataract.

Diagnosis

Symptoms of a cataract include blurred vision, glare, halos, double vision. Cataract does not typically cause any change in the appearance of your eye. Pain, redness, itching, irritation, aching in your eye or a discharge from your eye aren’t signs or symptoms of a cataract, but may be signs and symptoms of other eye disorders.

Everyone is at risk of developing cataract simply because age is the single greatest risk factor. By age 65 about half of all people develops some degree of lens clouding, although it may not impair vision. Other factors that increase your risk of cataracts include diabetes, family history of cataract, previous eye injury or surgery or chronic eye inflammation, prolonged use of corticosteroids, exposure to ionizing radiation and smoking.

An eye specialist can detect and track the development of cataracts during routine eye examination

cataratta

Did you have your eyes examined?
Do this every two years until age 65 and every year at age 65 and older. The only way to know for sure if you have a cataract is to have an eye examination that includes several tests, as for example the visual acuity test, the slit-lamp examination, the eye pressure evaluation and the retinal examination.

If you have a cataract, you can discuss treatment options with your eye doctor. If – in addition to having a cataract – you have other eye conditions that limit your vision, such as macular degeneration or advanced glaucoma, removing the cataract may not improve vision, and cataract surgery may provide disappointing results.

Treatment

The only effective treatment for a cataract is surgery to remove it, which usually includes replacing the lens with an intra-ocular lens implant. Phacoemulsification is actually the golden standard surgical procedures worldwide. Today, phacoemulsification can be combined with femtosecond laser corneal and cataract incisions. In every case, at the end of cataract removal, the lens is replaced with a biocompatible intra-ocular lens (IOL). The IOL can be chosen to correct for your refractive defect, so to permit you to see better without wearing eye glasses.

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